基本素養 Basic Literacy

人文素養
研究中華語言與文化的根基研究
國際視野
拓展國際視野
人文素養
瞭解中華語文及臺灣文化。

核心能力 Competence

專業與跨域能力
瞭解自我與發展潛能
語文與溝通能力
具備語言學、語言教學理論知識及應用能力
思考與判斷能力
養成因應新事務與學習新知識的能力
創新與領導能力
主動探索與研究,具主動執行個人及他人需求能力
語文欣賞及運用能力
學生具有中文的欣賞、表達及寫作能力
生活實踐能力
利用所學的中文,運用於課業、與他人溝通及適應生活能力。

課程概述 Course Description

本課程將建立完整的華語語法概念,同時介紹華語語法相關研究及資料的使用,進而引導學生能將語法知識在外語教學上的應用。
This course will establish a complete concept of Chinese grammar, introduce the study and materials on Chinese grammar. Let students know how to apply grammar knowledge in foreign language teaching.

課程學習目標 Course Objectives

  • 熟悉和訓練對語句的理論性和描述性研究
  • 深入了解句法規則和理論,從而培養學生對句構產生敏銳度
  • 取得教育部「對外華語師資」認證。
  • 課程進度 Progress Description

    進度說明 Progress Description
    1本節包括詞序和虛詞的使用,修飾語和被修飾語、動詞和非動詞謂詞,動補結構等。 1. 課程介紹:語法與句法的基本概念和術語。 2. 語法分析的兩個視點:描述性語法及規範性語法。 3. 華語語法的主要特點:孤立語/分析性語言。 4. 詞序表達及功能詞。 5. 中心語及修飾語。 This section includes word order and the use of function words, the alignment of modifiers and the modified, verb and non-verb predicates, and post-verb complements. 1. Introduction: syntax and grammar; Basic concepts and terminologies; 2. The view of grammatical analysis: descriptive vs. prescriptive; 3. Major Characteristics of the Chinese Language: An Isolating/Analytical Language; 4. Word Order and Use of Function Words; 5. The Positions of Modifiers and the Modified.
    2本節包括詞序和虛詞的使用,修飾語和被修飾語、動詞和非動詞謂詞,動補結構等。 1. 課程介紹:語法與句法的基本概念和術語。 2. 語法分析的兩個視點:描述性語法及規範性語法。 3. 華語語法的主要特點:孤立語/分析性語言。 4. 詞序表達及功能詞。 5. 中心語及修飾語。 This section includes word order and the use of function words, the alignment of modifiers and the modified, verb and non-verb predicates, and post-verb complements. 1. Introduction: syntax and grammar; Basic concepts and terminologies; 2. The view of grammatical analysis: descriptive vs. prescriptive; 3. Major Characteristics of the Chinese Language: An Isolating/Analytical Language; 4. Word Order and Use of Function Words; 5. The Positions of Modifiers and the Modified.
    3本節將討論形態句法:句子元素(名詞、動詞、形容詞等)的句法分類。並簡要說明簡單、複合、複雜句。 1. 名詞:類別詞(Classifier)和量詞(measure word)。 2. 動詞:動作動詞(Action verb)、狀態動詞(Stative verb ),動詞的分類與區別。 3. 論旨角色的指派:論旨角色的標記、論旨角色與句法關係、其他的論旨角色。 4. 簡單句的基本句型、主語及非主語句。 5. 謂語動詞及非謂語動詞、兼語式、連動式。 This section will discuss Morphological-syntax: Syntactic categorization of sentence elements (nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.) and a brief account of three types of (simple, compound, complex) sentences. 1. Use of Classifiers and measure words; 2. Classification of Verbs: action verb, stative verb, and light verb; 3. Thematic roles: the principal core thematic roles; 4. Basic Structure of Simple Sentences; Subject and Subjectless Sentences; 5. Pivotal Constructions, Serial Verb Constructions, Verb and Non-verb Predicates.
    4本節將討論形態句法:句子元素(名詞、動詞、形容詞等)的句法分類。並簡要說明簡單、複合、複雜句。 1. 名詞:類別詞(Classifier)和量詞(measure word)。 2. 動詞:動作動詞(Action verb)、狀態動詞(Stative verb ),動詞的分類與區別。 3. 論旨角色的指派:論旨角色的標記、論旨角色與句法關係、其他的論旨角色。 4. 簡單句的基本句型、主語及非主語句。 5. 謂語動詞及非謂語動詞、兼語式、連動式。 This section will discuss Morphological-syntax: Syntactic categorization of sentence elements (nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.) and a brief account of three types of (simple, compound, complex) sentences. 1. Use of Classifiers and measure words; 2. Classification of Verbs: action verb, stative verb, and light verb; 3. Thematic roles: the principal core thematic roles; 4. Basic Structure of Simple Sentences; Subject and Subjectless Sentences; 5. Pivotal Constructions, Serial Verb Constructions, Verb and Non-verb Predicates.
    5本節討論:句子的結構,包含構式類型、語法功能(主謂賓定狀補語)、 句法訊息結構:主題、評論和主語、話題鏈、時間次序原則。 This section will discuss the structure of sentences, including: 1. Category of construction, grammatical function (subject, object, attributive, adverbial, predicate, and complement); 2. Information structure of the sentence(Topic, topic chain and comment, topic /subject Prominence); 3. Temporal Sequence.
    6本節討論:句子的結構,包含構式類型、語法功能(主謂賓定狀補語)、 句法訊息結構:主題、評論和主語、話題鏈、時間次序原則。 This section will discuss the structure of sentences, including: 1. Category of construction, grammatical function (subject, object, attributive, adverbial, predicate, and complement); 2. Information structure of the sentence(Topic, topic chain and comment, topic /subject Prominence); 3. Temporal Sequence.
    7本節討論:句子的結構,包含構式類型、語法功能(主謂賓定狀補語)、 句法訊息結構:主題、評論和主語、話題鏈、時間次序原則。 This section will discuss the structure of sentences, including: 1. Category of construction, grammatical function (subject, object, attributive, adverbial, predicate, and complement); 2. Information structure of the sentence(Topic, topic chain and comment, topic /subject Prominence); 3. Temporal Sequence.
    8期中考Midterm exam
    9本節將介紹把字句、被字句,把字句的構成成分與其特點;把字句與主題;被字句的範圍與分類;被字句的構成成分與其特點; 被字句與主題; 把字句和被字句的互動;把字句和被字句與訊息的關係. This section will introduce the first special sentence – the bă (把) construction, The bǎ (把) construction is often referred to as the disposal form (chǔzhìshì 處置式) in the Chinese linguistic community. And the second special sentence is bèi被construction and the passive. It concisely depicts the characteristics and usages of the construction, including the position of the direct object, the relation between the patient and agent, frequently used transitive verbs, and the associated pertinent elements.
    10本節將介紹把字句、被字句,把字句的構成成分與其特點;把字句與主題;被字句的範圍與分類;被字句的構成成分與其特點; 被字句與主題; 把字句和被字句的互動;把字句和被字句與訊息的關係. This section will introduce the first special sentence – the bă (把) construction, The bǎ (把) construction is often referred to as the disposal form (chǔzhìshì 處置式) in the Chinese linguistic community. And the second special sentence is bèi被construction and the passive. It concisely depicts the characteristics and usages of the construction, including the position of the direct object, the relation between the patient and agent, frequently used transitive verbs, and the associated pertinent elements.
    11本節將介紹把字句、被字句,把字句的構成成分與其特點;把字句與主題;被字句的範圍與分類;被字句的構成成分與其特點; 被字句與主題; 把字句和被字句的互動;把字句和被字句與訊息的關係. This section will introduce the first special sentence – the bă (把) construction, The bǎ (把) construction is often referred to as the disposal form (chǔzhìshì 處置式) in the Chinese linguistic community. And the second special sentence is bèi被construction and the passive. It concisely depicts the characteristics and usages of the construction, including the position of the direct object, the relation between the patient and agent, frequently used transitive verbs, and the associated pertinent elements.
    12本節將介紹否定和疑問句,否並表達拒絕或禁止的不同方式,例如 不、沒、別。華語的疑問句有四種:(1) 帶助詞嗎?、呢?、吧?的問句;(2) 選擇問句 (3) 特殊疑問句,也稱為 wh-問句,以及 (4)附加問句。 1. 否定詞不、沒、別的基本功能。 2. 否詞詞的否定範域。 3. 雙重否定。 4. 疑問句及答句類型。 This section will introduce negations and questions. It opens with an overview of different ways to express denial or prohibition such as bù (不), méi (沒), bié (別). There are four types of questions in Chinese: (1) questions with the particles ma (嗎), ne (呢), and ba (吧); (2) alternative questions (3) special questions, also known as wh-questions, and (4) tag questions. 1. The Basic Functions of (不), méi (沒), bié (別); 2. Position and Scope of the Negative Adverbs; 3. Double Negation; Types of Questions and Answers.
    13本節將介紹否定和疑問句,否並表達拒絕或禁止的不同方式,例如 不、沒、別。華語的疑問句有四種:(1) 帶助詞嗎?、呢?、吧?的問句;(2) 選擇問句 (3) 特殊疑問句,也稱為 wh-問句,以及 (4)附加問句。 1. 否定詞不、沒、別的基本功能。 2. 否詞詞的否定範域。 3. 雙重否定。 4. 疑問句及答句類型。 This section will introduce negations and questions. It opens with an overview of different ways to express denial or prohibition such as bù (不), méi (沒), bié (別). There are four types of questions in Chinese: (1) questions with the particles ma (嗎), ne (呢), and ba (吧); (2) alternative questions (3) special questions, also known as wh-questions, and (4) tag questions. 1. The Basic Functions of (不), méi (沒), bié (別); 2. Position and Scope of the Negative Adverbs; 3. Double Negation; Types of Questions and Answers.
    14本節將介紹否定和疑問句,否並表達拒絕或禁止的不同方式,例如 不、沒、別。華語的疑問句有四種:(1) 帶助詞嗎?、呢?、吧?的問句;(2) 選擇問句 (3) 特殊疑問句,也稱為 wh-問句,以及 (4)附加問句。 1. 否定詞不、沒、別的基本功能。 2. 否詞詞的否定範域。 3. 雙重否定。 4. 疑問句及答句類型。 This section will introduce negations and questions. It opens with an overview of different ways to express denial or prohibition such as bù (不), méi (沒), bié (別). There are four types of questions in Chinese: (1) questions with the particles ma (嗎), ne (呢), and ba (吧); (2) alternative questions (3) special questions, also known as wh-questions, and (4) tag questions. 1. The Basic Functions of (不), méi (沒), bié (別); 2. Position and Scope of the Negative Adverbs; 3. Double Negation; Types of Questions and Answers.
    15篇章語法:本節將重點關注(1)由話語模式產生的語法結構和(2)省略、連詞的類型。(3)動態語法。 1. 篇章中的Coherence和Cohesion。 2. 指涉的類型(人稱指涉、指示指涉和比較指涉)。 3. 省略及替換(從句、名詞性及動詞性省略)。 4. 動態語法:語法規則取決於對其在話語功能的覺識。 Discourse grammar: this section will focus on (1) grammatical structures that arise from the relatively fluid discourse patterns and (2) types of ellipsis , conjunction. (3) emergent grammar. 1. Major Coherence and Cohesion Devices in Discourse; 2. Reference (Personal Reference, Demonstrative Reference, and Comparative Reference etc.); 3. Ellipsis and Substitution (Clausal Ellipsis, Nominal Ellipsis, and Verbal Ellipsis etc.); Emergent grammar: grammatical rules depends on an awareness of their functions in discourse.
    16篇章語法:本節將重點關注(1)由話語模式產生的語法結構和(2)省略、連詞的類型。(3)動態語法。 1. 篇章中的Coherence和Cohesion。 2. 指涉的類型(人稱指涉、指示指涉和比較指涉)。 3. 省略及替換(從句、名詞性及動詞性省略)。 4. 動態語法:語法規則取決於對其在話語功能的覺識。 Discourse grammar: this section will focus on (1) grammatical structures that arise from the relatively fluid discourse patterns and (2) types of ellipsis , conjunction. (3) emergent grammar. 1. Major Coherence and Cohesion Devices in Discourse; 2. Reference (Personal Reference, Demonstrative Reference, and Comparative Reference etc.); 3. Ellipsis and Substitution (Clausal Ellipsis, Nominal Ellipsis, and Verbal Ellipsis etc.); Emergent grammar: grammatical rules depends on an awareness of their functions in discourse.
    17篇章語法:本節將重點關注(1)由話語模式產生的語法結構和(2)省略、連詞的類型。(3)動態語法。 Discourse grammar: this section will focus on (1) grammatical structures that arise from the relatively fluid discourse patterns and (2) types of ellipsis , conjunction. (3) emergent grammar. 1. Major Coherence and Cohesion Devices in Discourse; 2. Reference (Personal Reference, Demonstrative Reference, and Comparative Reference etc.); 3. Ellipsis and Substitution (Clausal Ellipsis, Nominal Ellipsis, and Verbal Ellipsis etc.); Emergent grammar: grammatical rules depends on an awareness of their functions in discourse. 1. 篇章中的Coherence和Cohesion。 2. 指涉的類型(人稱指涉、指示指涉和比較指涉)。 3. 省略及替換(從句、名詞性及動詞性省略)。 4. 動態語法:語法規則取決於對其在話語功能的覺識。
    18期末考Final exam
     以上每週進度教師可依上課情況做適度調整。The schedule may be subject to change.

    課程是否與永續發展目標相關調查
    Survey of the conntent relevant to SDGs

    本課程與SDGs相關項目如下:
    This course is relevant to these items of SDGs as following:
    • 教育品質 (Quality Education)

    有關課程其他調查 Other Surveys of Courses

    1.本課程是否規劃業界教師參與教學或演講? 是,約 2 次
    Is there any industry specialist invited in this course? How many times? Yes, about 2 times.
    2.本課程是否規劃含校外實習(並非參訪)?
    Are there any internships involved in the course? How many hours?
    3.本課程是否可歸認為學術倫理課程? 否
    Is this course recognized as an academic ethics course? In the course how many hours are regarding academic ethics topics? No
    4.本課程是否屬進入社區實踐課程? 否
    Is this course recognized as a Community engagement and Service learning course? Which community will be engaged? No

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