基本素養 Basic Literacy

法學素養
Knowledge of Law
公民素養
Knowledge of Citizenship
人文素養
Knowledge of Humanities
語文素養
Knowledge of Languages
科際整合素養
Knowledge of Interdisciplinary Studies

核心能力 Competence

基礎的法學素養與論證能力
Basic Knowledge of Law and the Ability of Reasoning
縮短理論與實務差距的能力
To Shorten the Gap between Theories and Practices
兼顧法倫理學的能力
Ability to Take into Account Legal Ethics
同時具備跨領域的能力
Ability to Conduct Interdisciplinary Studies

課程概述 Course Description

憲法與政治學二者皆考慮國家之整體,但二者各自以不同之觀點以及以不同之方向來考慮。為了更徹底地了解國家,國家學這門課使用這兩種學門的切入點。法律系學生若沒有政治學的知識,則無法正確地解答在現實世界中所發生的實際問題。因為憲法並非只是法律條文。憲法是整體社會的條件。憲法概念觸及整體社會,這個事實使得憲法越來越像另一個概念:國家。國家與憲法發展成為整體的,但可互換的範疇。這一點正當化了將憲法切入點與政治學之切入點加以連結起來。 國家學基本上在討論領土國家中之統治以及對於在國家上的人民行使權力之正當結構之問題。為了理解法學上的爭議,所以我們需要清楚地區分主權之規範性與正當性。本課程以綜合觀察主權構想在歷史上的發展為開始。本課程將下面的問題納入考慮:十六世紀發生何種問題而可以用主權之構想來解決?主權理論是否正當化了國王之無限制的權力?為何主權國家應被改變,以及被憲政國家取代?立憲主義的構想真正的意義為何?民主理念如何正當化主權之行使?
Constitutional law and Politics both consider the state on the whole, but each from a different point of view and in a different direction. In order to understand the state more thoroughly we apply both approaches of them in the course “The Theories of the state”. Without the knowledge of Politics the law students are not able to find the correct solution to a practical problem occurred in the real world. For the constitution is not merely the legal text. It is the total condition of society. The fact that the concept of constitution reaches out to the entire society makes it more and more similar to another concept - the state. State and constitution developed into integral, but interchangeable categories. This justify the combination of the approaches of constitutional law and Politics. Theories of the state deal essentially with questions on the legitimate structure of domination in territorial states and the exclusive exercise of power over the people who live therein. In order to understand debates in jurisprudence one needs to distinguish clearly between normativity and legitimacy of the sovereignty power. The course begin with the overviews of the development of the concept sovereignty in history. It will take the following questions into account: What kind of problem that occurred in 16. Century could be solved with the idea of sovereignty? Did the theory of the sovereignty justify the unlimited power of the king? Why the sovereign state should be changed and replaced by the constitutional state? What does the concept of the constitutionalism really mean? How could the idea of democracy justify the exercise of the sovereign power?

課程學習目標 Course Objectives

  • 培養學生認識國家與憲法法制度之起源、演變與存在目的
  • 這些制度所欲解決之問題在歷史上如何產生、以及是否當真被解決。
  • 使同學學習到如何以國家學之知識來分析與處理我國憲法上之問題。
  • 課程進度 Progress Description

    進度說明 Progress Description
    1國家學之概念,研究的客體,與其他學科之界定 
    2權力與法
    3國家之起源、產生與滅亡
    4現代國家
    5主權理論與社會契約
    6國家之正當性
    7憲政國家
    8國民主權與人民制憲權
    9期中考
    10權力分立
    11民主原則
    12革命與抵抗
    13基本權與人權
    14自由權與平等權
    15政黨
    16憲法審判權與權力制衡
    17極權國家與防禦性民主
    18期末考
     以上每週進度教師可依上課情況做適度調整。The schedule may be subject to change.

    課程是否與永續發展目標相關調查
    Survey of the conntent relevant to SDGs

    本課程與SDGs相關項目如下:
    This course is relevant to these items of SDGs as following:
    • 和平與正義制度 (Peace justice and strong institutions)

    有關課程其他調查 Other Surveys of Courses

    1.本課程是否規劃業界教師參與教學或演講? 否
    Is there any industry specialist invited in this course? How many times? No
    2.本課程是否規劃含校外實習(並非參訪)? 否
    Are there any internships involved in the course? How many hours? No
    3.本課程是否可歸認為學術倫理課程? 否
    Is this course recognized as an academic ethics course? In the course how many hours are regarding academic ethics topics? No
    4.本課程是否屬進入社區實踐課程? 否
    Is this course recognized as a Community engagement and Service learning course? Which community will be engaged? No