基本素養 Basic Literacy

培養從事考古專業研究之學科素養
Cultivate capacity of archaeological research.
培養南島考古研究之國際視野
Enrich global perspectives on Austronesian studies.
培養考古知識傳遞與應用之社會關懷
Advance ability to communicate archaeological knowledge and to participate social relevance.
培養長時限思維人類歷史與社會文化宏觀視野之素養
Cultivate large-scale and long-term perspectives on social developments and mankind.

核心能力 Competence

提升考古學理論、田野與研究方法運用之能力
Advance the ability of appreciating archaeological methods and theories.
提升考古材料的解讀、分析與應用之能力
Develop the ability of interpreting , analyzing , and presenting archaeological materials.
提升考古專業寫作與學術研究之能力
Promote the ability of professional writing and academic research.
提升文化資產經營與發展之能力
Advance the ability on cultural resource managements.
提升考古知識傳遞與應用之相關能力
Enrich the capacity of communication and application of archaeological knowledge.

課程概述 Course Description

The course aims to teach students the principles of technological analysis of ceramics. The approch was inspired by Andre Leroi-Gourhan's work and was developed in France by Valentine Roux and Marie-Agnes Courty (Courty & Roux 1995; Roux & Courty 1998; Roux 2011). It is based on ethnographic studies that have shown that ways of doing and techniques are socially inherited. Technological analysis focuses on techniques, ways of doing and tools used by the potters. The course will integrate lectures and practicals. Lectures aim at training students in the description and identification of ceramics' chaine operatoire (the term "chaine operatoire" refers to all the steps followed by the artisan(s) to make a pottery, from the selection and preparation of the raw materials to the final product (Balfet 1975; Cresswell 2010)), as well as to the classification of ceramic assemblages based on the chaine operatoire approach. Practicals involve applying the technological approach to archaeological assemblages and conducting various experiments to better understand the different steps involved in the pottery making process. Students will be asked to prepare key readings in order to be able to discuss and debate during the class. Students will also be asked to prepare a small project on pottery making (using experimental archaeology or archaeological pottery collections) during the semester. Projects will be evaluated at the end of the semester (oral and written examinations).
The course aims to teach students the principles of technological analysis of ceramics. The approch was inspired by Andre Leroi-Gourhan's work and was developed in France by Valentine Roux and Marie-Agnes Courty (Courty & Roux 1995; Roux & Courty 1998; Roux 2011). It is based on ethnographic studies that have shown that ways of doing and techniques are socially inherited. Technological analysis focuses on techniques, ways of doing and tools used by the potters. The course will integrate lectures and practicals. Lectures aim at training students in the description and identification of ceramics' chaine operatoire (the term "chaine operatoire" refers to all the steps followed by the artisan(s) to make a pottery, from the selection and preparation of the raw materials to the final product (Balfet 1975; Cresswell 2010)), as well as to the classification of ceramic assemblages based on the chaine operatoire approach. Practicals involve applying the technological approach to archaeological assemblages and conducting various experiments to better understand the different steps involved in the pottery making process. Students will be asked to prepare key readings in order to be able to discuss and debate during the class. Students will also be asked to prepare a small project on pottery making (using experimental archaeology or archaeological pottery collections) during the semester. Projects will be evaluated at the end of the semester (oral and written examinations).

課程學習目標 Course Objectives

  • To give students basic knowledge in technological analysis
  • To train students in technological analysis of archaeological ceramics
  • To do experimental pottery to understand the concept of chaine operatoire
  • To be able to study, draw and record pottery from excavations
  • 課程進度 Progress Description

    進度說明 Progress Description
    1Class introduction. Introduction to technological analysis of pottery.
    2The chaîne opératoire of pottery : what is it, why using it ?
    3Describing the chaîne opératoire (session 1/2) : the purpose of this class is to look at each step of the pottery making process, in detail. Based on ethnographic and experimental examples, we will discuss what methods, techniques and tools can be used.
    4Describing the chaîne opératoire (session 2/2).
    5Practical training/experimental archaeology : pottery making (session 1/2). The purpose of this training is to allow students to better understand the chaîne opératoire, step by step, by making pottery themselves. Each student will be invited to prepare its own paste and to form pots using different techniques and tools (guidelines will be provided). At the same time, students will remain attentive to any trace that may form when handling the clay. Another session of pottery making will be organized later so that students can also experiment handling leather-hard clay (i.e., when clay has dried enough to be able to be handled without deformation).
    6Interpreting archaeological material (session 1/2) : the purpose of this class is to allow students understanding how to interpret manufacturing traces they see on archaeological pottery. What are these traces? What do they mean? What is a diagnostic trace ? How to interpret diagnostic features using ethno-archaeological et experimental databases ? Ideally, students will also start training on archaeological material. They will be invited to describe all features they can see on a pottery fragment. They will also try explaining when traces formed (i.e., during fashioning or during finishing for instance) and which technique and/or tool was used.
    7This week, students will be asked to briefly introduce to the class a project of their choice for the final examination, to explain what issues they will tackle, what material they need and to discuss how their project will enhance their knowledge. We will evaluate the feasibility of the project. At the end of the week, students are expected to submit a short description of the project.
    8Interpreting archaeological material (session 2/2).
    9Recording pottery data: the purpose of this class is to teach students how to record technical data in their databases, to adapt databases to the various pottery fragments they are studying and to prioritize information. We will explore database models and forms. At the end of the class, we will do some practical training/experimental archaeology : pottery making (session 2/2) on leather-hard clay, to better understand how clay humidity/consistency can have an impact on the techniques.
    10Classifying pottery using the « chaîne opératoire approach » : while still observing and interpreting diagnostic traces, students will learn how to classify various pottery fragments using the « chaîne opératoire approach ». They will learn how to group together sherds sharing technical characteristics.
    11Drawing archaeological pottery (session 1/2) : the goal here is to learn how to draw pottery, whether fragmented or complete. We will examine how to draw pottery profiles, pottery decorations, how to measure diameters, and how to use profile gauge and caliper.
    12Classifying pottery shapes and sizes : the goal is to learn how to describe and classify pottery shapes and sizes using relevant and 'neutral' criteria. We will also tackle the link between forms and functions.
    13Practical training on archaeological material : the objective of this class is to allow students practicing more in order to gain autonomy. Students will be given time to describe and classify a small corpus of pottery fragments based on the « chaîne opératoire approach » .
    14Drawing archaeological pottery (session 2/2) and practical training in relation to students' projects (using experimental or archaeological materials).
    15Technological analysis of pottery : a case study.
    16Overview of other approaches used for the analysis of ceramics and discussion.
    17Final exam: oral presentations and discussion. Students will be asked to present their project to the class.
    18Revisions and questions. Students submit a written report.
     以上每週進度教師可依上課情況做適度調整。The schedule may be subject to change.

    課程是否與永續發展目標相關調查
    Survey of the conntent relevant to SDGs

    本課程與SDGs相關項目如下:
    This course is relevant to these items of SDGs as following:
    • 教育品質 (Quality Education)

    有關課程其他調查 Other Surveys of Courses

    1.本課程是否規劃業界教師參與教學或演講? 否
    Is there any industry specialist invited in this course? How many times? No
    2.本課程是否規劃含校外實習(並非參訪)? 否
    Are there any internships involved in the course? How many hours? No
    3.本課程是否可歸認為學術倫理課程? 否
    Is this course recognized as an academic ethics course? In the course how many hours are regarding academic ethics topics? No
    4.本課程是否屬進入社區實踐課程? 否
    Is this course recognized as a Community engagement and Service learning course? Which community will be engaged? No