基本素養 Basic Literacy

基礎科學與人文素養
心理學基礎知識、專業領域及專業倫理道德思辨與應

核心能力 Competence

邏輯推理及批判思考的能力
以多元文化觀點對人類心性論述的能力
規劃、合作以及溝通表達能力

課程概述 Course Description

先修科目或先備能力:普通心理學或心理學緒論,修習過認知心理學相關課程尤佳 概述:直至最近,我們對於認知老化的神經基礎建立於兩門很少互相接觸的學科,老化神經科學探討老化對於大腦的效果卻不顧年紀在認知上的改變;而老化認知心理學則是探討老化對於認知的效果而不考量年紀造成的大腦改變。這兩個學科間缺乏溝通的問題正透過聚焦於認知老化以及大腦老化的關聯性的共通研究解決,這些研究正逐漸增加中。這快速增加的研究取向則成為一個新的學門:老化認知神經科學。本課程的目標是要介紹這個新的學門,課程分為四個部份:第一部份介紹大腦老化的非侵入性研究方法,包括結構(例如,容積核磁共振),化學(如多巴胺正子斷層掃描),電生理(如事件關聯電位)和血流動力學(如功能性核磁共振)技術,並討論他們如何能與認知老化行為的連結。第二部分回顧了老化在不同認知功能中的神經活化程度,包括知覺和注意力,意像,工作記憶,長期記憶和前瞻記憶中神經活動的強度。第三部分著重於臨床和應用課題,像是如何區辨正常老化和老年癡呆症的差別,以及如何使用認知訓練對改善因年齡造成的認知能力下降。最後一節介紹了有關認知與大腦老化理論,包括功能性神經影像學證據模式和電腦模擬模型。
Until very recently, our knowledge about the neural basis of cognitive aging was based on two disciplines that had very little contact with each other. Whereas the neuroscience of aging investigated the effects of aging on the brain independently of age-related changes in cognition, the cognitive psychology of aging investigated the effects of aging on cognition independently of age-related changes in the brain. The lack of communication between these two disciplines is currently being addressed by an increasing number of studies that focus on the relationships between cognitive aging and cerebral aging. This rapidly growing body of research has come to constitute a new discipline, which may be called cognitive neuroscience of aging. The goal of this course is to introduce this new discipline. This course is divided into four main sections. The first section describes non-invasive measures of cerebral aging, including structural (e.g., volumetric MRI), chemical (e.g., dopamine PET), electrophysiological (e.g., ERPs), and hemodynamic (e.g., fMRI), and discusses how they can be linked to behavioral measures of cognitive aging. The second section reviews evidence for the effects of aging on neural activity during different cognitive functions, including perception and attention, imagery, working memory, long-term memory, and prospective memory. The third section focuses on clinical and applied topics, such as the distinction between healthy aging and Alzheimer's disease and the use of cognitive training to ameliorate age-related cognitive decline. The last section describes theories that relate cognitive and cerebral aging, including models accounting for functional neuroimaging evidence and models supported by computer simulations.

課程學習目標 Course Objectives

  • To examine major theories of cognitive aging.
  • To evaluate research methods used in the study of cognitive aging.
  • To provide an opportunity for student to present in a forum of their peers.
  • To understand the relationship between theory and practice in psychology.
  • 課程進度 Course Outline

    週次 Week進度說明 Progress Description
    1Course orientation/reading preparation
    2Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging
    3The aging brain observed in vivo: differential changes and their modifiers
    4The role of dopamine systems in cognitive aging
    5Electrophysiological and optical measures of cognitive aging
    6BOLD functional MRI and cognitive aging
    7The relationship between brain activity, cognitive performance, and aging: the case of memory
    8Age-related changes in neural activity during visual perception and attention
    9The cognitive neuroscience of working memory and aging
    10Long-term memory and aging: a cognitive neuroscience perspective
    11The neural basis of age-related declines in prospective memory
    12Three principles for cognitive aging research: multiple causes and sequelae, variance in expression and response, and the need for integrative theory
    13Functional connectivity during memory tasks in healthy aging
    14Cognitive training in healthy aging: a cognitive neuroscience perspective
    15Age-related changes in hemispheric organization
    16 Neurocomputational perspectives linking neuromodulation, processing noise, representational distinctiveness, and cognitive aging
    17Assessment and intervention for brain and cognitive aging
    18Final examination/research report
     以上每週進度教師可依上課情況做適度調整。The schedule may be subject to change.

    有關課程其他調查 Other Surveys of Courses

    1.本課程是否規劃業界教師參與教學或演講? 否
    Is there any industry specialist invited in this course? How many times? No
    2.本課程是否規劃含校外實習(並非參訪)? 否
    Are there any internships involved in the course? How many hours? No