基本素養 Basic Literacy

基礎物理知識

核心能力 Competence

中階物理知識
高階物理知識
物理相關數學能力
物理實驗能力
研究導向物理知識

課程概述 Course Description

1 Chapter 1 – Sun and Solar Radiation – Sun provides the energy for producing the ionosphere. Basic facts of the sun and solar system; solar structure; solar electromagnetic radiation, gamma rays, X-rays, EUV, UV, visible, infrared and radio waves; optical depth; energetic particle radiation; differential rotation; sunspots; solar activity and solar cycle; butterfly diagram; interplanetary magnetic field (IMF); solar wind; solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs); heliosphere; non-solar energy sources, galactic cosmic rays, star light. 2 Chapter 1 3 Chapter 1 4 Chapter 1 5 Chapter 2 – Geomagnetic field – Geomagnetic field holds the plasma around the earth; it also controls the dynamics of the ionosphere (especially the topside), plasmasphere and magnetosphere. Basis of magnetic field; magnetic field of planets; geomagnetic field components; field line geometry, parameters of magnetic field; geomagnetic anomalies; magnetosphere; motion of charged particles in magnetic field, magnetic invariants, whistlers; magnetic reconnection and entry of solar wind; radiation belts; ring current; geomagnetic variations; geomagnetic storms; geomagnetic indices. 6 Chapter 2 7 Chapter 2 8 Chapter 2 9 Chapter 3 – Neutral atmosphere – The ionosphere (and hence plasmasphere and magnetosphere) are produced from the neutral atmosphere by solar radiation. Atmospheric structure and related topics, ozone layer, green-house effect, excess green-house effect and global warming, mesospheric and thermospheric cooling, exosphere, equation of state and equations of motion – continuity, momentum and energy equations, scale height and geopotential height; thermospheric circulation and neutral winds, effective magnetic meridional wind, modification of thermospheric circulation during geomagnetic storms; diffusion of neutrals; effect of winds on neutral composition; thermospheric variations; atmospheric tides, surges and planetary and gravity waves, Brunt-Vaisala frequency; travelling atmospheric disturbances (TADs). 10 Chapter 3 11 Chapter 3 12 Chapter 3 13 Chapter 4 – Ionosphere – Ionosphere has been studied for its advantages in groundbased HF communication and to find remedies for its disadvantages in all branches of telecommunication and navigation. Ionosphere of planets (comparison); Earth’s ionosphere; structure of ionosphere; ionospheric regions and layers; basic theory of ionosphere, production, chemical loss, transport, diffusion; formation of ionospheric regions and layers; ionospheric electric fields and currents, ionospheric dynamo, ionospheric conductivities, equatorial and auroral electrojets; dynamics and electrodynamics of the equatorial zone; equatorial ionization anomaly; equatorial plasma irregularities, spread F, plasma bubbles; electrodynamics of mid latitude ionosphere; waves and instabilities at mid latitude, LSTIDs, MSTIDs; dynamics and electrodynamics of mesosphere; high latitude ionosphere; effects of electric fields and neutral winds, ionospheric storms; global electric circuit and climate change. 14 Chapter 4 15 Chapter 4 16 Chapter 4 17 TBD 18 TBD

課程學習目標 Course Objectives

The course has the following three sub chapters and the main chapter on Ionosphere.
The topics covered are briefly described. Each Chapter will begin with an introduction
like why we study this chapter; for example, why we should study the “Sun and Solar
Radiation” to understand the Ionosphere. The basic principles involved in each topic will
be explained with day-to-day examples before going to the details.
 

課程進度 Course Outline

週次 Week進度說明 Progress Description
1Chapter 1 – Sun and Solar Radiation – Sun provides the energy for producing the ionosphere. Basic facts of the sun and solar system; solar structure; solar electromagnetic radiation, gamma rays, X-rays, EUV, UV, visible, infrared and radio waves; optical depth; energetic particle radiation; differential rotation; sunspots; solar activity and solar cycle; butterfly diagram; interplanetary magnetic field (IMF); solar wind; solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs); heliosphere; non-solar energy sources, galactic cosmic rays, star light.
2Chapter 1
3Chapter 1
4Chapter 1
5Chapter 2 – Geomagnetic field – Geomagnetic field holds the plasma around the earth; it also controls the dynamics of the ionosphere (especially the topside), plasmasphere and magnetosphere. Basis of magnetic field; magnetic field of planets; geomagnetic field components; field line geometry, parameters of magnetic field; geomagnetic anomalies; magnetosphere; motion of charged particles in magnetic field, magnetic invariants, whistlers; magnetic reconnection and entry of solar wind; radiation belts; ring current; geomagnetic variations; geomagnetic storms; geomagnetic indices.
6Chapter 2
7Chapter 2
8Chapter 2
9Chapter 3 – Neutral atmosphere – The ionosphere (and hence plasmasphere and magnetosphere) are produced from the neutral atmosphere by solar radiation. Atmospheric structure and related topics, ozone layer, green-house effect, excess green-house effect and global warming, mesospheric and thermospheric cooling, exosphere, equation of state and equations of motion – continuity, momentum and energy equations, scale height and geopotential height; thermospheric circulation and neutral winds, effective magnetic meridional wind, modification of thermospheric circulation during geomagnetic storms; diffusion of neutrals; effect of winds on neutral composition; thermospheric variations; atmospheric tides, surges and planetary and gravity waves, Brunt-Vaisala frequency; travelling atmospheric disturbances (TADs).
10Chapter 3
11Chapter 3
12Chapter 3
13Chapter 4 – Ionosphere – Ionosphere has been studied for its advantages in groundbased HF communication and to find remedies for its disadvantages in all branches of telecommunication and navigation. Ionosphere of planets (comparison); Earth’s ionosphere; structure of ionosphere; ionospheric regions and layers; basic theory of ionosphere, production, chemical loss, transport, diffusion; formation of ionospheric regions and layers; ionospheric electric fields and currents, ionospheric dynamo, ionospheric conductivities, equatorial and auroral electrojets; dynamics and electrodynamics of the equatorial zone; equatorial ionization anomaly; equatorial plasma irregularities, spread F, plasma bubbles; electrodynamics of mid latitude ionosphere; waves and instabilities at mid latitude, LSTIDs, MSTIDs; dynamics and electrodynamics of mesosphere; high latitude ionosphere; effects of electric fields and neutral winds, ionospheric storms; global electric circuit and climate change.
14Chapter 4
15Chapter 4
16Chapter 4
17TBD
18TBD
 以上每週進度教師可依上課情況做適度調整。The schedule may be subject to change.

課程學習融入下列議題或具有下列內涵的程度
Immersing the Following Issues or Contents

議題或內容 Issues or Contents關聯性 Correlation
生命教育 Life Education 無相關 No correlation
服務學習 Service Learning 無相關 No correlation
性別平等 Gender Equity 無相關 No correlation
環境安全 Environmental Safety 直接相關 Direct correlation
環境保護 Environmental Protection 直接相關 Direct correlation
智慧財產權 Intellectual Property 無相關 No correlation
法治教育 Law-Related Education 無相關 No correlation
人權教育 Human Rights Education 無相關 No correlation

有關課程其他調查 Other Surveys of Courses

1.本課程是否規劃業界教師參與教學或演講? 否
Is there any industry specialist invited in this course? How many times? No
2.本課程是否規劃含校外實習(並非參訪)? 否
Are there any internships involved in the course? How many hours? No